Around 70 – 85% of pregnant women experience nausea and/or vomiting. It frequently occurs in the morning, but it can occur throughout the day. Nausea and vomiting are common complaints during the first trimester of pregnancy, so common, in fact, that they are presumptive signs of pregnancy.
AKA Pyrosis or regurgitation or acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux
Heartburn is another common pregnancy complaint, even for women who have never had heartburn before. It isn’t your heart that is burning, it’s your stomach! As your baby grows, the occurrence of heartburn increases. By the end of the second trimester and extend through the third trimester the growing uterus moves and displace the stomach and the intestines upward, producing a burning sensation in the stomach near the location of the heart in the chest. Hormones are guilty too, progesterone an important pregnancy hormone, relaxes muscles including the digestive tract and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) allowing gastric acid reflux.
Engorgement means “fill to excess“. Breast is full, slow flow of milk is accumulating and there is increased vascularity and congestion. However, engorgement may resolve spontaneously as supply adjusts to baby demand.
Approximately 70% of pregnant women suffers backache, commonly in the second half of pregnancy (between the fifth and seventh month of pregnancy). It is usually due to normal changes that occur in pregnancy but sometimes it is good to pay attention if it is accompanied with other signs and symptoms you need to know!
Gingival inflammation or swollen gums, occurs when plaque (sticky deposit) build-up containing bacteria on teeth and produces toxins that irritate the gums because of poor dental hygiene or because the saliva is too acidic. In pregnancy is exacerbated during a period of progesterone and estrogen imbalance. These hormones cause increased vascularity of connective tissue (increased blood flow to the mouth), making the gums friable and thus contributing to gingivitis.